The Impact of Green Supply Chain Drivers on Reverse Logistics


  • Zain Ahmed Karachi University Business School


The reverse logistics due to the growing awareness regarding the Green Supply Chain has become an essential part of mostly all the industries. This includes the food industry of Pakistan, and the companies in this industry are taking the policies related to the matter very strictly. Hereby, need arises to investigate if the GSCM is really having a significant impact on the reverse logistics on these companies: Bake Parlor and Kolson Pakistan. The quantitative research method has been chosen in which questionnaire will be filled by around 100 participants, who are manager in these two firms. The descriptive and regression analysis were conducted to understand the impact of green supply chain drivers on reverse logistics that are Bake Parlor and Kolson Pakistan. The results obtained showed that really there is a clear impact of GSCM drivers on reverse logistics of the chosen companies. However, there is always a room for further improvements, which means a further research on the matter to help these companies in minimizing their cost of reveries logistics as well.   


Azar, T.A. (2012) ‘System dynamics as a useful technique for complex systems’, International Journal of Industrial and Systems Engineering, Vol. 10, No. 4, pp.377–410.

Chanintrakul, P., Mondragon, A.E.C., Lalwani, C. and Wong, C.Y. (2009) ‘Reverse logistics network design: a state-of-the-art literature review’, International Journal of Business Performance and Supply Chain Modelling, Vol. 1, No. 1, pp.61–81.

Eltayeb, T.K., Zailani, S. and Ramayah, T. (2011) ‘Green supply chain initiatives among certified companies in Malaysia and environmental sustainability: Investigating the outcomes,’ Resources, Conservation and Recycling, Vol. 55, No. 1, pp.495–506.

Faisal, M.N., Banwet, D.K. and Shankar, R. (2007) ‘An approach to measure supply chain agility’, Industrial and Systems Engineering, Vol. 2, No. 1, pp.79–98.

Gopal, P.R.C. and Thakkar, J. (2012) ‘A review on supply chain performance measures and metrics: 2000–2011’, International Journal of Productivity and Performance Management, Vol. 61, No. 5, pp.18–547.

Handfield, R., Walton, S.V., Sroufe, R. and Melnyk, S.A. (2002) ‘Applying environmental criteria to supplier assessment: a study in the application of the analytical hierarchy process’, European Journal of Operational Research, Vol. 141, No. 1, pp.70–87.

Hu, A.H. and Hsu, C.W. (2006) ‘Empirical study in the critical factors of green supply chain management (GSCM) practice in the Taiwanese electrical and electronics industries’, IEEE International Conference on Management of Innovation and Technology, Vol. 2, No. 1, pp.853–857.

Kassem, S. and Chen, M. (2012) ‘A heuristic method for solving reverse logistics vehicle routing problems with time windows,’ International Journal of Industrial and Systems Engineering, Vol. 12, No. 2 pp.207–222.

Kumar, S. and Yamaoka, T. (2007) ‘System dynamics study of the Japanese automotive industry closed loop supply chain’, Journal of Manufacturing Technology Management, Vol. 18, No. 2, pp.115–138.

Mondragon, A.E.C. and Mondragon, C.E.C. (2011) ‘Measures for auditing performance and integration in closed-loop supply chains’, Supply Chain Management: An International Journal, Vol. 16, No. 1, pp.43–56.

Ninlawan, C., Seksan, P., Tossapol, K. and Pilada, W. (2010) ‘The implementation of green supply chain management practices in electronics industry’, Proceedings of the International Multi-conference of Engineers and Computer Scientists, Vol. 3, No. 1, IMECS 2010, Hong Kong.

Olugu, E.U., Wong, K.Y. and Shaharoun, A.M. (2011) ‘Development of key performance measures for the automobile green supply chain’, Resources, Conservation and Recycling, Vol. 55, No. 1, pp.567–579.

Rehman, M.A.A. and Shrivastava, R.L. (2013) ‘Green manufacturing (GM): past, present and future (a state of art review)’, World Review of Science, Technology and Sustainable Development, Vol. 10, Nos. 1/2/3, pp.17–55.

Sterman, J.D. (2004) Business Dynamics: Systems Thinking and Modelling for a Complex World, McGraw-Hill, New York.

Vlachos, D., Georgiadis, P. and Iakovou, E. (2007) ‘A system dynamics model for dynamic capacity planning of remanufacturing in closed-loop supply chains’, Computers and Operations Research, Vol. 34, No. 2, pp.367–394.

Xanthopoulos, A., Aidonis, D., Vlachos, D. and Lakovou, E. (2012) ‘A planning optimisation framework for construction and demolition waste management’, International Journal of Industrial and Systems Engineering, Vol. 10, No. 3, pp.257–276.

Zhu, Q., Sarkis, J. and Lai, K, (2007) ‘Initiatives and outcomes of green supply chain management implementation by Chinese manufacturers’, Journal of Environmental Management, Vol. 85, No. 1, pp.179–189.

Additional Files



How to Cite

Ahmed, Z. (2021). The Impact of Green Supply Chain Drivers on Reverse Logistics. Research Journal of Supply Chain & Business Management, 1(2). Retrieved from